Positive Behaviour Management Policy
Our school is a ‘family’ with every member committed to high expectations, teamwork, mutual respect, support and understanding. We believe that knowing each child as an individual is at the heart of our success.
At Llangors School we operate a positive behaviour management system, and work hard to ensure the children understand what kind of behaviour is acceptable in school and what the consequences of different types of behaviour might be.
We aim to teach the children at our school how to behave well and to be considerate and self-disciplined individuals. We believe in setting good examples and in having high expectations. Our high expectations of behaviour apply whether children are in school, on an educational visit or visiting places, with or on behalf of the school.
Children learn by example. We aim to provide children with a positive image of good relations between adults who work in and for the school, and between adults and children. All adults who work at our school have a responsibility for behaviour. They need, wherever possible, to support our “no shouting and no intimidation” culture and ensure that they treat children with respect and kindness. Children are expected to respond to whoever is responsible for them. This includes teaching and support staff, volunteers and parent helpers.
Each class teacher is responsible for not only the children within their class, but if any member of staff come across inappropriate behaviour being displayed by children who are not in their class, they are at liberty to address the inappropriate behaviour, using the guidance contained in this policy or refer the matter to the child’s class teacher.
All supply teachers are expected to fully adhere to the guidance of this policy.
Children are more likely to behave well in school when they know that their parents are involved with and supportive of what the school is trying to do. We want the school and parents to work together to ensure consistent expectations.
Children are expected to follow the school rules which are displayed around the school.
Ideas of strategies for promoting positive behaviour
Public praise and private criticism
Public acknowledgement of good behaviour can be very powerful in a positive way. Usually, criticism should be as private as possible; lowering a child’s self-esteem is likely to increase misbehaviour, if not now, later. Avoid standing on one side of the classroom and telling someone off on the other side. The audience provided by the rest of the class can prove rewarding for the child, as well as making the rest of the class feel ‘told off’ too.
Some children find direct praise hard to handle, so praise should be as descriptive as possible and you should be sensitive to the impact. Perhaps allow the child to hear you telling someone else how well he or she has done. Praise can also be non-verbal: a smile, a thumbs-up or a sticker. Expand your vocabulary for praise.
Three positives before a negative
This can apply to individuals as well as to classes. Before making a suggestion about a child’s work or behaviour, aim to have made three positive contacts with them beforehand. They will usually be more receptive to what you have to say.
Within the class, aim to appreciate three children before criticising one. The lesson children will learn is that they are more likely to get attention when they behave or work well, than when they behave badly.
Children often misbehave because they feel upset. One reason for this can be to attract adult attention to their bad feelings in the hope that they will get some help with them. Acknowledging the child’s feelings can pre-empt them resorting to other ways to get your attention.
Give them a choice
Give children a choice as often as possible. This can be as simple as deciding which piece of work they want to do first. Being given choices increases a child’s sense of independence, which in turn contributes to the development of their self-esteem.
Children have a need for the world to be as reliable as possible. When staff act consistently and reliably, they make the child feel safer and therefore less anxious. This in turn will make it less likely that events will trigger off bad behaviour.
Model desired behaviour
It is important for adults within the school to model the kinds of behaviour that they expect from children in terms of respect, concern, fairness, how to apologise, how to resolve difficulties fairly and amicably. Dealing with difficult behaviour can trigger feelings of anger, irritation, disappointment or even despair. It is better to avoid communicating these feelings. Responses should be low key and matter of fact.
Scan the classroom
Teachers who seem to know what is going on even before it has started and seem to have eyes in the back of their head impress children. Put yourself in a position where you can see what is going on and scan for children who are off-task. Re-direct children before behaviour has become disruptive.
Listen for changes in patterns of conversation, which might indicate off-task behaviour. Make your presence felt by a look or by repositioning yourself.
Listen to children
Listen to children and make them feel significant. It is important to make children feel aware that you recognise their feelings … “You seem cross, did something happen?”
Follow up concerns raised and complaints made, even if you need to say that you will deal with it later. Children need to feel able to share things with us and for issues not to be driven ‘underground’. In each classroom, children can also write to their teacher in the class worry book, this will be looked at by each child’s class teacher and a written or verbal response will be given.
Maintain frequent contact
Aim to make frequent task-centred contact with all children. This will communicate that attention is predominately given for behaving well and meeting the needs of the situation appropriately. For children who have difficulty maintaining concentration on their work, ensure you make very frequent contact with them. Notice what they have already achieved, ask what they have to do next and remind them that you will be back to check on them. This concentrates on communication about the task and gives the child teacher contact
Catch them being good
This can be hard with some children, but it is usually more important for them than for many others. Noticing and acknowledging anything that is in the direction the adult wants the child to take, will encourage and reinforce that movement.
At Llangors School, our emphasis is on positive behaviour. We praise and reward positive behaviour by:
- Praise – verbal, written, sticker, friendly word or gesture, referral to another adult
- Special responsibility, privilege or trust – work with/sit by a friend of their own choice, work in an area away from the direct supervision of the teacher, a special job (e.g. prefect) or responsibility (e.g. give out registers, take messages).
- Informing parents – communicating good news whenever possible, sending home messages, entry in home/school diary or sometimes a phone call.
- Weekly Achievement Assemblies – commending children for hard work, good manners, sporting achievements, etc.
There will be times when children behave unacceptably. Children need to discover where the bounds of acceptable behaviour lie, as this is a part of growing up. A Behaviour Policy should state these boundaries clearly and firmly. Minor breaches of discipline are dealt with by the staff member, in a caring, supportive and fair manner, having regard to the age of the child. Each case is treated individually. Generally, children are reminded that they are responsible for their own actions and that breaking rules has consequences.
Normal sanctions include an oral reprimand and reminder of expected behaviour, loss of free time (such as break times), moving in class to sit alone, writing a letter of apology, and loss of a responsibility. If the unacceptable behaviour is persistent or recurring, parents become involved.
Formal meetings between parents and staff should be recorded.
Major breaches of discipline are physical assault, deliberate damage to property, stealing, leaving the school premises without permission, verbal abuse, refusal to work, and disruptive behaviour in class. Llangors School has a standard procedure for serious breaches of discipline. Failure to improve at any stage leads automatically to the next stage; each stage is recorded by the school.
This type of behaviour is rare at Llangors School and it is the duty of the Head Teacher or the Deputy Head Teacher to deal with it promptly, particularly if the problem persists.
Procedures for Dealing with Major Breaches of Discipline
- An oral warning by the Head Teacher or Deputy Head Teacher concerning future conduct.
- Withdrawal from the classroom for the rest of the day.
- A letter or phone call to parents informing them of their child’s unacceptable behaviour.
- A meeting with parents, at which a warning is given about further sanctions, unless there is an improvement in the child’s behaviour.
- If the problem is severe or recurring, exclusion procedures are implemented – after consultation with the Governing Body.
- A case conference with parents and support agencies. ¨ Permanent exclusion, after consultation with the Governing Body and the LEA.
- Parents have the right of appeal to the Governing Body against any decision to exclude their child. NB: A particularly serious problem could result in suspending the normal procedure and a child being taken home straight away
Parents can help by recognising that an effective School Behaviour Policy requires close co-operation between parents, teachers and children. Parents should discuss the school rules with their child, emphasising that they support the rules.
Attending Parents’ Evenings and parents’ functions and by developing informal contacts with school helps to reinforce their support for the Policy. Learning and teaching cannot take place without sound discipline and parents should recognise that staff will deal with behaviour problems patiently and positively. A Parents’ Contract (Home/School Agreement) is issued when each child starts school which will explain the role of parents.
The Management of Pupil Behaviour at Break and Lunchtimes
Some behaviour problems are specific to the mid-day break. At Llangors School we encourage children;
- To play with others and to understand the need to share and co-operate
- To be involved in positive play experiences and thus prevent the occurrence of confrontation
- To appreciate the relationship between the environment and their own behaviour in order to foster a caring responsible attitude to their surroundings
- To involve themselves in activities which improve their co-ordination, strength, agility and fitness essential to long-term health.
In order to achieve these aims there must be a feeling of corporate responsibility by the whole staff – teaching and non-teaching in ensuring:
- Clear and regular reminders are given of the need to respect and care for others • All staff set an example whether in dress, manners, courtesy or care
- Children use the playground markings and equipment effectively and cooperatively
At lunchtimes, supervisory assistants will
- Make clear to children what behaviour is acceptable and what behaviour is unacceptable.
- Use of a book to communicate behaviour to class teachers. This is followed up by each class teacher through circle time and or class discussions.
- Praise good behaviour
- Encourage children to co-operate with others
- Look out for problems, including bullying and the lonely child.
- Deflect a problem that is arising by giving the children involved a small task to distract their attention.
A friendship bench is available for children seeking companionship/company.